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Fire protection requirements play an essential role in facade construction. The building physics goals should already be clearly defined in the planning of the facade design and integrated in accordance with the legal requirements. 

The fire protection requirements in facade construction 

As a client, you face a number of challenges in the area of ​​facade design. In terms of building physics and fire protection, there are strict requirements that are stipulated by law with regard to the materials and their properties. The fire-protected facade construction must guarantee safety and prevent fires and explosions. The requirements for the load-bearing capacity of the facade in the event of a fire are particularly strict. The spread of the fire to floors above, neighboring buildings, as well as a limitation of the heat and smoke development are regulated by law in facade construction. The guidelines regulate individual measures in accordance with fire protection regulations. In order to rule out a stop or a fee-based dismantling, the fire protection report must already be available in the planning phase and BEFORE the start of construction. An acceptance by the fire brigade and the fire protection authorities carried out after completion is required for the building to be released.

Single and multi-leaf facades - differences in fire protection law

In principle, both single-skin and multi-skin facades must meet the same fire protection regulations. The building authority responsible is responsible for the special requirements of the facade design, including classification in a fire protection class. As the building owner, you have to ensure that the entire facade construction is fire-protected in the case of a single-shell facade made of glass or masonry. Nevertheless, the requirements for the single-shell variant in the facade types are marginally lower than for the double-shell versions. In double-shell facade construction, for example with ventilated natural stone cladding on masonry, a special substructure must be set up. The substructure prevents the static failure of the external facade in the event of a local fire. Depending on the facade design, special exhaust air openings must be integrated into the facade construction. 

Which types of facade are convincing in terms of fire protection?

In Facade insulation is essential in modern new buildings. As a building owner, you are faced with the challenge of combining all fire protection and thermal insulation requirements. For the facade design, you may only use thermal insulation composite systems that have received approval after extensive fire safety tests. Fully mineral ETICS are at the top of the facade types in commercial and industrial building construction, as well as in municipal housing. Insulation made of polystyrene and rigid polyurethane foam is also flame-retardant and therefore meets the high fire protection requirements. In order to comply with all fire protection aspects and to erect the facade as a whole based on the specifications, the insulation must be coordinated with the building material. Double facades with ETICS have established themselves among all types of facade due to their safe and high fire protection properties. 

MVM AG - your contact for effective fire protection!

With our experts, you choose a modern, well-insulated and fire-protected facade. As an experienced contact for building owners, for architects and municipal property developers as well as administrations, we offer you the highest core competence based on many years of experience and expertise in fire protection regulations. The facade construction including insulation is an essential factor for the comfortable climate in the building, the saving of energy costs and the fire protection! 

Are you currently planning a facade design and are you looking for an expert who will implement your facade construction with precision? Contact us and make an appointment now for a free and non-binding consultation! We plan your project in a professional manner and look after it responsibly.